4 investor rules: where to invest and how to reduce risks?


Having gone a sure manner, non-public traders wish to broaden their portfolio and improve the typical return.

At this stage, you will need to method the selection of property fairly from the standpoint of utilized arithmetic. Additional – competently compose or broaden an current funding portfolio.

  1. Do not diversify an excessive amount of

Amongst our non-public traders, there are followers of the precept “all or nothing”.

Of their portfolios – from 10 to 70 property. Not all of them are worthwhile, however usually traders don’t even find out about them.

When there are 100, 200, and 300 devices in a portfolio, it’s troublesome to manage them and rapidly reply to rising points. Subsequently, earlier than beginning numerous property, reply the query, “will you be capable of observe their efficiency?”.

Typically a too vast portfolio is an try to disguise a lack of information in vetting corporations.

  1. Lay out the portfolio following the “funding triangle” rule.

Let’s take a better take a look at every degree of the triangle:

  1. On the base is the funding basis. Belongings carry a small yield of 0-5% each year. The aim of an funding basis is to not make cash on it, to not lose it.

The inspiration contains:

  • Cash put aside for essential functions.
  • Primary deposits.
  • Insurance coverage funding packages.
  • Different property with a minimal degree of danger however not a excessive return.

We suggest non-public traders allocate 15-25% capital to this asset class.

  1. The second asset class within the funding triangle is the funding base. Listed below are property with a yield of 5-15% each year and a average degree of danger.

These are extra aggressive deposits, dependable securities within the inventory market, blue chips, primary industrial actual property for the overall market, and different devices.

There are dangers on this asset class, however they don’t seem to be too excessive. It is tougher to lose cash right here.

Relying on the willingness of a selected investor to take dangers, 20-25% of their private capital might be invested on this a part of the funding triangle.

  1. The following class of property is mediator property. They counsel a return of 20-35% each year with a average degree of danger.

We assist our traders earn on these property.

Along with investments in small and medium companies, this contains different asset courses, that’s, different funding autos with an identical degree of danger. For instance, a extra aggressive inventory market, secured and unsecured loans to people, and the acquisition of shares within the “over-the-counter” enterprise.

  1. The highest of the triangle may be very dangerous property, by which the potential return can attain 40-50% each year, however the dangers there are a lot greater.

This asset class contains cryptocurrencies, ICOs, enterprise investments, startups, concepts, and different high-risk funding autos.

We don’t suggest sending greater than 5-7% of your funding portfolio there to reduce the danger of dropping earnings or capital.

Diversify Properly

There’s a confirmed mathematical mannequin that helps decide what number of banks (on the identical price in 8%), it’s essential to decompose the cash in order that within the occasion of a default of one in every of them, your worst-case state of affairs can be a 12 months with out profitability, however not a lack of a physique of capital and never losses. The formulation seems like this: 100% / 8 = 12.5 Spherical as much as 13 and add 1 We get 14.

When you’ve got 1 million ₽, it’s essential to unfold it into 14 banks of 60-70 thousand ₽. Then, within the occasion of a default of one in every of them, the profitability of the opposite banks will cowl the losses throughout the 12 months, and the physique of capital won’t lower.

Let’s apply this formulation to investing in small and medium companies with a mean price of 25%. 100/25+1=5 We suggest our traders to allocate their capital to 4-5 corporations. This considerably reduces the dangers within the occasion of a default or interruption in profitability in a single specific firm. The remaining will cowl the losses, and the physique of capital can be preserved.


When compiling an funding portfolio, you possibly can considerably scale back the danger of dropping cash when you diversify accurately.

To do that, it’s essential to comply with Four steps:

  • Do not over-diversify
  • Lay out the portfolio in accordance with the rule of the “funding triangle.”
  • Observe the Buffett Rule
  • Diversify Properly

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